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Abstract This paper examines how high-value users (HVUs), who are often the first to test out new content, such as a new video, on a recommender system platform provide valuable data for these algorithms and ensure that all subsequent users have a great experience. The paper also explores how the current legal setup, including “terms […]

On August 12, 2016 the Observer Research Foundation convened the first in a series of multistakeholder roundtables on encryption. This report is the outcome of the discussion of issues and proposal of solutions conducted at the roundtable. Being a complex, technical-legal question around access to data for law enforcement, encryption has long been a contested […]

  • PRIVACY & DATA PROTECTION

India must attain e-SWARAJ

R K Sharma

8 February, 2017

Abstract India is a sovereign nation; is it digitally sovereign, too? This paper examines the degree to which India is self-reliant in electronic hardware. After all, for a country to be self-reliant in the information age, it has to either attain indigenous capability in electronic manufacturing and services or be equipped to protect data and […]

Abstract Encrypting communications enhances privacy and the security of information services. This, in turn, incentivises innovation in the ICT sector and contributes significantly to the growth of the internet economy. India’s (now withdrawn) Draft National Encryption Policy was single-minded in its approach. It sought only to prescribe standards that would enable law enforcement agencies to access […]

  • PRIVACY & DATA PROTECTION

Navigating the Digital ‘Trilemma’

Samir Saran

14 October, 2016

Debates around internet policy have taken centre stage in domestic politics and international relations alike. While national debates are shaped by local priorities, politics and contextual ambitions, cyber diplomacy differs from traditional diplomacy in two important respects. First, the stakeholders invested in internet policy include not just states and governments but industry and civil society […]

A specialist neurology clinic in Japan has this revealing signage with its website  address prominently proclaiming its function (photo courtesy: #DomainsInTheWild). What is significant about this? The top level domain (TLD) name (.clinic) is precise and resonates. A company that makes smart earplugs using cutting-edge research and high-end technology has the following website address: http://hush.technology. It […]

Introduction Last year, Mukul Rohatgi, the Attorney General of India, called into question existing jurisprudence of the last 50 years on the constitutional validity of the right to privacy.1 Mohatgi was rebutting the arguments on privacy made against Aadhaar, the unique identity project initiated and implemented in the country without any legislative mandate.2 The question […]

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    The Changing Face of Internet Addresses and Online Identity

    PRIVACY & DATA PROTECTION

    Gajendra Upadhyay
    12 September, 2016

    A specialist neurology clinic in Japan has this revealing signage with its website  address prominently proclaiming its function (photo courtesy:... 

    Protection of Critical Information Infrastructure: An Indian Perspective

    CYBER SECURITY

    R K Sharma
    1 August, 2016

    Abstract Critical information infrastructure (CII) is a pillar on which modern nations function. The revolution in information and communication technologies... 

    What we need to talk about when we talk about Artificial Intelligence

    FUTURE TECHNOLOGIES

    Urvashi Aneja
    7 March, 2017

    No longer the subject of science fiction, Artificial Intelligence (AI) is profoundly transforming our daily lives. While computers have been... 

    The NCIIPC & Its Evolving Framework

    CYBER SECURITY

    Saikat Datta
    27 October, 2016

    Only eight years after India passed the Information Technology Act, did the term cybersecurity appear in a statute through a... 

    Under the UN’s Shadow: Internet Governance Forum & the Urgent Need for Reforms

    INTERNET GOVERNANCE

    Jyoti Panday
    8 July, 2016

    The creation of the Internet Governance Forum (IGF) was a watershed moment in the history of the Internet. This article...